This Swahili term means “way of fighting with fist” and describes a martial art using African fighting styles. I studied this with Oso Mfundishi Tayari Casel when I lived in Maryland. You can still find the Tayari Casel Martial Arts Academy in downtown Silver Spring. The above logo is still used by the school. I didn’t create it, but I did at one point trace the entire thing into Adobe Illustrator – and learned about splines and curves.
In class, we always trained with music, either African drum rhythms or sometimes James Brown. There were more calisthenics than I had ever done in my life, plus alligator crawls till we dropped and fighting combinations that emphasized the martial applications of traditional African dances. Since I was also going to community dance classes at the time with Master Dancer Assane Konte and the KanKouran West African Dance Company, there was a lot of cross-fertilization between the two.
The other thing about doing the drills to music is, you can do twice as many if the music carries you along. Otherwise it’s sheer hell. Oso Tayari Casel never scolded us when our strength was failing; he managed to be positively encouraging in a particularly inexorable way… posistive and ruthless at the same time.
Different instructors specialized in different parts of Africa. For example, Zulu stick fighting or East African 2 stick fighting, Angolan capoeira, Egyptian meditation.